Process Area 2.1 – Test Policy and Strategy


The purpose of the Test Policy and Strategy Process Area is to develop and establish a test policy and an organisation-wide or program-wide test strategy in which the test levels are defined unambiguously.

In order to measure test performance, test performance indicators are introduced.


The Test Policy and Strategy Process Area involves the definition and deployment of a test policy and test strategy. In the test strategy, test levels are identified.

For each test level, responsibilities and main tasks are defined as well as other test objectives.

To measure test performance and the accomplishment of test goals (including test process improvement goals), test performance indicators are defined and deployed.


Some points to consider when looking at this Process Area:

  • Is there a test policy outlining what needs to be done?
  • Are there test goals setting targets for test?
  • Is there a test strategy or an approach to undertaking testing activities?
  • Are all planning and other test activities aware of these work products and their purpose?
  • Are they all actively and consistently supported and referenced throughout the organisational unit in scope of the assessment?


  • A test policy is a statement of what is required of testing within the organisation (or sometimes for a particular project)
  • Test goals are an elaboration of business objectives into clear quality statements that need to be achieved by the test function
    • These are usually extended to provide targets to achieve (for example defect levels, test / requirements and coverage)
  • A test strategy describes the approach to testing. It may also be referred to as a generic test approach or framework